No matter what you call it, transvestism, transgenderism, transsexualism, etc.; and no matter the “stage” at which / on which this sex role stereotyping is performed, this very interesting book by Richard F. Docter shows that in males it is part of a definable trajectory, a clinical course. Docter’s book was published when Blanchard’s research on autogynephilia was still in its early stages, but in my quick review it seems generally to complement his findings.
It is really quite a good analysis of “what makes these men tick.” One of the key points is that for most jocks-in-frocks, a “female gender identity” only develops after years or decades of sexualized cross-dressing. In other words, the notion of “innate gender identity” is a lie. We already knew this (because it is totally obvious) but here is some additional documentation.
The book is a bit “dated” (1988) and its several nomenclatures distinguishing various “types” of men who attempt to make people think they are women may seem old-fashioned. The tone of the research likely supports sex role stereotypes and may offend modern sensibilities.
As with Blanchard’s, Lawrence’s and Bailey’s work, Docter’s approach is more or less sympathetic to these men. Consistent with the other authors, however, he is honestly trying to understand what is going on in these men’s minds and what kinds of behaviors they manifest. He is not promoting their game-plan for a hostile take-over of women’s bodies and women’s spaces — which is what the vast majority of current researchers in male transgenderism are doing.
Walter was furious with Rita because she wouldn’t write a letter saying that he was an appropriate candidate for the “sex change” surgery that he so desperately craved, a complex series of butcheries to make his male genitals resemble an imitation “vagina.” Rita refused to write the letter because it was obvious that Walter was just a tranny autogynephiliac, a transvestite masturbator whose life was obsessively fixated on “transitioning” to being a fake “woman.” Rita had too much integrity to yield to his bullying and badgering about “the letter.” (By now, of course, it’s much, much easier for transgenderists in the USA to receive the horrific surgeries they desire. The government may even cover much of the expense.)
Walter came into Rita’s office with a pistol blazing. He killed Rita with extreme “over-kill” violence, 17 bullets from a big 9 mm gun. Then Walter killed himself.
It only took a week until other male trannies like Richard “Riki” Wilchins and “Nancy” Nangeroni rushed to blame Rita for provoking Walter to kill her. How dare anyone prevent a crazed male fetishist from going under the knife! The nerve of that bitch! Outrageous that there are rules, checks & balances, that sort of thing. Give the male trannies what they want, now! Or face the consequences!1!!
Murder-Suicide Raises Questions About Therapist’s Role in Sex Change Surgery June 19, 1998 By Marian Jones
NEW YORK Last Wednesday, Rita Powers’ patient showed up for a therapy session with a 9 mm handgun.
In a burst of gunfire, the patient fatally shot Powers, a San Diego therapist, then turned the gun around and committed suicide. The motive? Powers had apparently refused to grant her client who dressed as a woman and preferred to be called “Julia” written approval for sex change surgery.
The incident highlights the unique and powerful role the mental health establishment plays in deciding who can get a sex change operation a role that is increasingly being called into question.
International guidelines followed by the medical community require two written letters of approval from licensed therapists specializing in this area, one with a doctorate-level degree, before medical professionals will perform the surgery.
The therapists must find that the patient meets the criteria for Gender Identity Disorder. This is defined in the DSM-IV, the American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic manual, as a persistent discomfort with one’s assigned sex and a feeling that this sex is inappropriate. This must be coupled with a preoccupation for at least two years with changing one’s primary and secondary sex characteristics to that of the other sex.
Those diagnosed with the disorder, according to the guidelines, must also have dressed and lived as the preferred sex for at least one year, and must complete a minimum of six months of psychological counseling before being certified for sex reassignment.
The difficulty in obtaining approval under these guidelines can lead a person to become desperate, say advocates for transsexuals.
“When you deprive a person of medical services they feel they need, this can take the form of extreme actions toward themselves and even others,” commented Riki Wilchins, executive director of GenderPAC, a national advocacy group for gender-related issues.
Violence such as the San Diego murder-suicide is almost unheard of, Wilchins added, noting that self-destructive behavior such as substance abuse are more common.
Wilchins, who had sex reassignment surgery in 1980, does not believe that approval from a therapist should be required at all.
“When I went to get a nose job, they didn’t say, ‘You have rhino identity disorder.’ When I went to get my breasts done, they didn’t say, ‘You are a large-breasted woman trapped in a small-breasted woman’s body.’ Yet when I had the genital surgery, there was this arcane structure that says you must spend thousands of dollars getting psychiatrists and psychologists to say this is okay,” Wilchins said.
Sheila Dicks-on, Ph.D., a Phoenix psychologist specializing in gender identity, partly agrees. “For many, many people, this psychological certification is not a necessity.” But such an approval process is necessary in many cases, Dickson says, to ensure that the patient understands the implications of the procedure.
The guidelines safeguard against disastrous outcomes, according to Robert Segraves, M.D., a psychiatry professor at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland. “People have enough trouble moving from one part of the country to another, in becoming parents, or in getting married. When you talk about changing gender, this is a huge adjustment.”
The psychiatric approval process also weeds out people who are mentally unstable, added Paul Tobias, Ph.D., a Los Angeles psychologist who has been working with transsexuals for 25 years. “There have always been a certain number of people with severe psychological problems who believe that if they change their body, they can resolve their emotional difficulties.”
“We want to make sure that a person is not suffering from multiple personality disorder,” added Mildred Brown, Ph.D., a Santa Clara, Calif., sexologist and author of a book on transsexualism. “If we did the surgery and then another personality of a different gender came out and found that body parts were missing or added, there would be a severe problem.”
A person seeking this surgery can also be “a homosexual in denial, who thinks that if they have the body of the opposite sex, they can relate (sexually) to the people they want to relate to, and society won’t stigmatize them for being gay,” Brown explained.
But Wilchins dismisses these concerns as overblown, noting that a very small percentage of people who have the surgery actually believe they made a mistake in doing so.
Wilchins and other transsexual advocates also take issue with the diagnostic category of Gender Identity Disorder.
There is no question that a transsexual who would murder a therapist and commit suicide is emotionally disturbed, and that many transsexuals could benefit from some therapy given that their situation can often lead to emotional disorders such as anxiety and depression, asserted Nancy Nangeroni, a male-to-female transsexual and the executive director of the Boston-based International Foundation for Gender Education.
“But the [general category of] Gender Identity Disorder stigmatizes gender diversity by making it a disorder of the individual rather than a product of a culture that has a narrow concept of gender,” Nangeroni said.
Wilchins’ group has organized demonstrations challenging this diagnostic category, the latest of which took place outside the American Psychiatric Association’s headquarters. She compares these efforts to the successful campaign that gays and lesbians mounted to get homosexuality declassified as a mental disorder 26 years ago.
“We would like to see this as a non-stigmatizing physical condition regarded as similar to pregnancy. [!!!] The only disorder here is a disorder in the minds of people who are uncomfortable with certain types of gender behavior,” Wilchins said.
Dickson, however, noted that while gender identity disorder can be unfairly stigmatizing, it is a necessary prerequisite for insurance coverage, which can be obtained for the expensive procedure if it is deemed medically essential.
The killer’s male tranny clique continued to blame Rita for her own murder. A couple of months later, the Fall 1998 edition of the transgenderist magazine “Transgender Tapestry” ran an article by “Gwendolyn Ann” Smith making excuses for Walter Miller and calling him by his “female” alias.
Soon, the January 1999 issue of the feminist magazine “Off Our Backs” provided excellent analysis of the male tranny write-up:
Transgender Magazine Blames Woman for Her Own Murder
The front cover of Transgender Tapestry claims the magazine is dedicated to “Celebrating the Diversity of Gender Expression” – but the Fall 1998 issue of the magazine was nothing to celebrate. Inside, a full-page article explained that a female therapist named Rita Powers was murdered because she balked at issuing a letter recommending sex-reassignment surgery for her murderer, Walter Miller. The article consistently referred to Miller with female pronouns despite the fact that he held a job as a man.
“She was receiving some negativity from her therapist”, the article explained, “suicide being the only other course of action that she saw, she–violently took the life of the one person that was standing in the way”.
Nowhere in the article was there any sense of outrage at the crime or expression of sympathy for the victim of this indefensible act of male violence. Instead there was the attitude typically expressed by rapist and their defenders that the woman somehow brought it on herself because of her own actions. Not content with portraying the murderer as a victim, however, the author of the article attempted to further mitigate the severity of the crime by blaming society as a whole because of the discrimination perpetrated against transgenders in general.
The absurdity of this exculpation for murder is evident based upon facts contained in the article itself — for example, the fact that the murderer still lived and worked as a man and the fact that his legal name was still Walter Miller. Nevertheless, in homage to the “social construct” of gender embraced by Transgender Tapestry and its writers, the magazine consistently employed female pronouns and repeatedly referred to Miller with his alias of Julia Morgan.
The same magazine contained another column — entitled “Ethics and Transgender Care” — which exploited the murder of Rita Powers to open a critique of therapists and therapy in general.
Neither column bothered to provide any information about Powers. Did she have a family – a lesbian partner, a husband, a child or a pet? Is she mourned by loved-ones or did she lead a lonely existence? Readers won’t find the answers to those sorts of questions in the pages of Tapestry because the magazine is too busy celebrating “the diversity of gender expression” – and lamenting the subsequent suicide of Walter Miller – to waste any space on Miller’s victim.
Raging tranny narcissist Walter Miller didn’t just kill Rita Powers on an impulse or by accident. He murdered her with extreme, vicious, pre-meditated psychotic violence. He shot her 17 times “all over her body” with a high-powered semi-automatic handgun. Miller’s goal with those 17 bullets was to shred and mutilate the body of a 41-year old single mother, simply because she refused to participate in his deviant sexual fantasy.
For many years, they have been sexually aroused by the thought of “being women” and impersonating women. Intermittently or occasionally, from a very young age, most of them have secretly put on various articles of women’s clothing, became sexually aroused and then masturbated in response to this dressing-up. Many men collect several pieces of women’s clothing, a “complete outfit” perhaps. Most eventually begin secretly to venture out “en femme,” perhaps to a neighboring town for shopping or a “make-over” at the department store’s cosmetics counter. These expeditions also lead to heavy masturbation, and if any store clerk happens to say “ma’am,” or if no-one throws them out of the women’s restroom, it really puts the icing on the cake. Many of these men enjoy pornography and pornographic writing centered around “forced feminization” fantasies, in which a dominant woman forces a manly man to become a submissive sissy, sometimes even a simpering fellatio expert. The men feel deeply conflicted and guilty about all these antics, and periodically will “purge” all artifacts of transvestism, and vow never to do such things again.
Based on his research with non-homosexual MtF transsexuals and other non-homosexual cross-dressing men, many of whom also develop cross-gender identities of some strength (Docter & Prince, 1997), Docter observed that:
Among our subjects, 79% did not appear in public cross dressed prior to age 20; at that time, most of the subjects had already had several years of experience with cross dressing. The average number of years of practice with cross dressing prior to owning a full feminine outfit was 15. The average number of years of practice with cross dressing prior to adoption of a feminine name was 21. Again, we have factual evidence indicative of the considerable time required for the development of the cross-gender identity.
In short, autogynephilic eroticism, as evidenced by erotic cross-dressing, precedes cross-gender identity by years or decades in non-homosexual MtF transsexuals. These transsexuals do not have female core gender identities nor do they have well developed cross-gender identities that precede and act as the driving force behind their desires to turn their bodies into facsimiles of women’s bodies. Rather, non-homosexual MtF transsexuals gradually develop cross-gender identities after years or decades of erotic cross-dressing, accompanied by the autogynephilic wish to turn their bodies into facsimiles of women’s bodies.
In the past few years, “transgenderism” has become very popular. It is widely celebrated. With all the “support” they find on the web from other hardcore autogynephiles and other transgenderism activists, not to mention the mass media, secretive male transvestites are “coming out” in droves and being put on the fast-track to synthetic “estrogen” prescriptions and possibly gender mutliation surgery. Every aspect of this “transition” is also exciting, and not just sexually — every “ma’am” and every reciprocation of “feminine” gestures by others feels tremendously “validating.” They also DEMAND such validation from everyone else — ESPECIALLY from women.
Question: But how do autogynephiles reconcile this reality: they have enjoyed their lives as men and despite a troubling concern for “femininity” have generally had a coherent and often strong “male” identity. Yet in order to proceed with transsexualization, they are required to claim a lifelong “female gender identity.”
Answer: they brood about it endlessly, and cherry-pick various aspects of their lives as clear evidence of actually being “women.” Their period of “questioning” — “should I really transition?” — has much more to do with rationalizing “why they should transition” than why they should not. Their life-narratives inflate the importance of all potential lady-brain indicators — “I had several female friends in childhood! Cooking is fun! A girl 30 years ago told me I was like a ‘lesbian’ trapped in a man’s body! I once had a pink polo shirt! I enjoy silky fabrics! I love shopping!”
After a while, with the encouragement of online transgender “friends,” psychological therapists and others with a vested interest in promoting the “gender identity” lie, they begin to exaggerate the depth and intensity of the emotional pain that they have felt through life at “being the wrong gender” — but that’s not really what the pain was about. Everyone has problems, and everyone feels a little or a lot depressed at some points in life. In this process of cultivating their “female gender identities,” the autogynephiles retroactively attribute all painful emotions and hard times they’ve ever experienced to the cruel joke of having been “assigned male at birth.”
My quandry comes from the fact that unlike a subset of the TG population, I did not know from birth that I felt female—at least not consciously. I always envied girls in dresses and skirts. In high school, I secretly slept in my mom’s old slips and altered an old wedding dress by hand to fit me for a Halloween costume. I sympathized with women and their unique issues. Most of my friends were girls. It was a natural fit. One high school friend once called me a lesbian trapped in a man’s body. At the time, I thought nothing of it. Now, it rings in my head. What did she see that I didn’t?
Over the years, I feel I have suppressed my femininity. I identified as male, but I secretly felt jealous of women. I am envious of the ability to have multiple orgasms in a single session. I want to carry and bear a child despite the 10 months of discomfort and excruciating labor pains at the end. I love the feel of silk and lace against my skin. I want to wear dresses and skirts.